hindu population in tamilnadu

Every model shows the Hindu and Christian population shares declining and the Muslim population increasing. And unlike Assam, where roughly 2 regions (of about 9 million people in total) were set to remain a clear Hindu majority, we show that none of the regions in Kerala will have any significant Hindu majority. All the statistics are taken from the respective census and [1]. The region under consideration (=Kerala and Kanyakumari) comprises of about 35 million people, or roughly the entire population of Assam. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the States of Puducherry, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.It is the tenth-largest state in India and the seventh most populous state. Population of Tamil Nadu in 2014 With a population of 75,478,738 (7.5 crore) people, Tamil Nadu is ranked as 7th populous state of India. Tamil Nadu Population by Religion. Delhi Riots – Time for Hindus to come out of their complacency, Dravidian Terrorism- Naked Truth in a Nutshell, The Brilliant Cooperation Between Radical And Moderate Muslims, The Genocide That was Never Told: New Book documents suffering of Bangla Hindus. The decimation of Hindus in Malabar is clear in this model. In 2011 there were total 958035 families residing in Coimbatore district. The town of Kanyakumari, at India’s southernmost tip, is the site of ritual sunrises. Out of which 1729297 are males while 1728748 are females. Table 4: The predicted populations of Hindus, Muslims and Christians in the Polynomial models in the coming decades. Consequently, we have included them in the Hindu category. This tells you why social welfare measures have a larger bearing,” he pointed out. அனைத்து மதங்களைப் பற்‌றிய தகவல்களும் இந்த ஆன்‌மிகப் பகுதியில் இடம்பெறும். The region most affected by the change in population is the Malabar, where the low fertility of Hindus, combined with higher fertility and an already existing higher Muslim population has seen many districts rapidly change their demographic character. Both the overall Hindu and the Christian population are set to fall in the coming years, due to extremely low fertility (Christian population in Kanyakumari is growing due to conversions, rather than any higher fertility). Chennai is religiously cosmopolitan, with its denizens following various religions, chief among them being Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Zoroastrianism.Chennai, along with Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata, is one of the few Indian cities that are home to a diverse population of ethno-religious communities. Christians will be the majority in Kanyakumari. In 2011, there were 44 lakh Christians in Tamil Nadu … The bulk of the converts are the Dalits, the fisher folk and the Nadars – all of them are socially and economically backward. Christians and Muslims have both been modelled separately. The discrepancy arises because the logistic model assumes that the population of each group stabilises to a certain value (see figure below) and cannot account for negative population growth that has already begun in some areas of Kerala and will accentuate in the coming years. Since then it has been the most dominant in Indian culture and society. Kerala has historically comprised of four districts in the Malabar, and five districts in Travancore-Cochin. The total muslim population 4.2 million is the third largest after Christians with 4.4 million people. The total area of Tamil Nadu is 130060 sq.km with population density of 555 per sq.km. The Christians may be able to reverse the demographic trend by converting the poor and other vulnerable classes. In Malappuram district, the Muslims were the absolute majority in Kerala. The changes in the far south, in Kanyakumari district, have been equally pronounced, due to rapid conversions to Christianity. Tamil Nadu Colleges reopen in Tamil Nadu, confusion about online attendance Tamil Nadu 19-year old girl kills man who tried to rape her Tamil Nadu … Subscribe to The Hindu now and get unlimited access. Chennai district of Tamil Nadu has total population of 4646732 as per the Census 2011. The upper castes and the economically strong, and socially forward Nairs, and Velallars, and the OBC Ezhavas and Vishwakarmas (other prominent castes of the region), who together number about 6-7 lakhs, are mostly invulnerable to conversions. Tamil Nadu Population 2011 As per details from Census 2011, Tamil Nadu has population of 7.21 Crores, an increase from figure of 6.24 Crore in 2001 census. In the polynomial model, it is clear that the Hindus and Christians will start declining not only in the percentages, but also in absolute numbers in almost all the districts. Tamil Nadu has centers of worship for a multitude of faiths. The Hindu Munnani first gained public awareness in 1982 when it began to mobilise the Hindu population of Ramanathapuram district in response to the Meenakshipuram conversions by Ishaatul Islam Sabha of South India Since then, the Hindu Munnani has often espoused the cause of Hindus.. 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Owing to geographical proximity, we include Kanyakumari of Southern Tamil Nadu in this study, but consider its religious demography separate from the rest of Kerala. The Hindu and Christian fertility rates are around 1.5, well below the 2.1 fertility rates needed for a stable population. In the same period, the overall population in Tamil Nadu grew by 15.60 per cent. Muslims (9.4%) and Christians (7.6%) are also present in the city. From the above table, it is clear that out of the nine districts in Kerala-South Tamil Nadu, five of them (Kannur, Kozhikode, Malappuram, Ernakulam, and Kanyakumari) will be Hindu minority and three more (Palakkad, Thrissur and Thiruvananthapuram) will be hovering between 50 and 60% in 2061, according to two of the three models (constant growth and polynomial). The Hindu Explains | How serious is the bird flu outbreak in India, and how can it be contained? According to the 2011 Census of India, the total population of the state of Tamil Nadu stood at 72,147,039, with 36,137,975 males, 36,009,055 females, a sex ratio of 996 females per 1000 males, literacy rate of 80.09%, 10.51% of the population below seven years and a population … Together, the Dalits, Nadars, and the fishermen number about 12-13 lakh (65-70% of the total population) and it is this population that has been vulnerable to conversions. Its capital and largest city is Chennai (formerly known as Madras). To enable wide dissemination of news that is in public interest, we have increased the number of articles that can be read free, and extended free trial periods. Can secularism meet its end in India, that is Bharat? All other religions like Jains and Buddhists represent less than 1%. Between 1991 and 2001, Hindus lost nearly 4% of the population to Christianity and almost all of these were due to conversions. The lower fertility rate of the Hindus and Christians will see their percentage shares and absolute numbers decline. On connecting religious background with fertility, he said development as a whole was a larger factor. The logistic model assumes that all populations will stabilise in the long run and predicts future populations based on this assumption. A select list of articles that match your interests and tastes. They will constitute a majority only in four districts, namely, Palakkad, Thrissur, Alappuzha and Thiruvananthapuram. Since then it has been the most dominant in Indian culture and society. Tamil Nadu Population Growth. Tamil Nadu adds more than 1 million people to its growing population each year. The population of children between age 0-6 is 7423832 which is 10.29% of total population. The authors are deeply grateful to Indian2019, for his detailed caste-wise breakup of the Kanyakumari district. Malabar, in the north, was originally under the influence of the Arab traders and always had a slightly higher Muslim population. For the sake of convenience, we have amalgamated Cochin-Travancore into one region (called Travancore from now on) and have considered Malabar the other, in this article. You have reached your limit for free articles this month. The five districts of Travancore-Cochin consist of Thrissur; Ernakulam, which comprises of Ernakulam, Kottayam and Idukki; Alappuzha, which consists of Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta and Kollam; Thiruvananthapuram; and Kanyakumari. Disclaimer: The facts and opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. The actual curves that we present for each model below will show that across all the districts, the population share (1) of the Hindus will monotonically decrease in the next fifty years, and (2) of the Muslims will monotonically increase till 2061. But in the remaining districts, Hindus formed >60% of the total population in 1951. In the table below are given the dates from which the Hindus are expected to start decreasing in absolute numbers (not merely population share) in the various districts. (previous page) 1792 painting of a Hindu temple and choultry (a travellers' rest house), Binjaveram Tinnevelly district, Tamil Nadu India.jpg 976 × 684; 125 KB. Since, the Hindus do not proselytize in any significant measure, the Hindu population is set to decline continually and relentlessly over the coming decades. Table 1: Percentage of Hindus in the various districts. Between 2001 and 2011, the … “The security of child survival is crucial, which is determined by better nutrition and healthcare. When we say development, we mean overall development of social-economic and human development parameters. Intensive population campaigns since the 1980s coupled with robust welfare measures have helped Kerala and Tamil Nadu stabilise their population to a great extent relatively,” he said. [1] – AP Joshi, MD Srinivas and JK Bajaj, “Religious Demography of India”, Centre for Policy Studies, Chennai. The events witnessed in Tamil Nadu during the last three days in connection with Vinayaka Chathurthi prove beyond doubt that Hindus could survive and the State only by the charity shown by the minority groups which are slowly and stealthily overtaking the Hindu population. “The fertility rate of Muslim women in Tamil Nadu is lower than Hindu women in northern States like Uttar Pradesh. At the turn of the 20th century, Kerala had 69% Hindus in the state, which was divided into three separate regions. In the case of Christians, while the growth was slightly higher than the all-India figure, their proportion in the overall State population remained more or less the same as in 2001. A low Hindu fertility, conversions to Christianity (in some areas) and a higher Muslim fertility have changed the demographic character of the state. In the first part of the article, we present our conclusions about the various districts (and regions) of Kerala. In 2011, population density for Tamil Nadu was 555 people per square kilometer. Three districts, Kannur, Kozhikode and Ernakulam will have no one in the majority, but Hindus will constitute the plurality (largest share, but less than 50%). Muslims will be the majority in two districts, Kannur and Malappuram, and Christians will have a majority in Kanyakumari. Is Dalit a caste. *Malappuram and Palakkad show their population nearly constant in the 2051-2061 decade. The major issue with both the Hindu and Christian communities of Kerala is that they both have extremely low fertility rates. The Malabar in the north, was in the hands of the British, the small Cochin state in the centre, was under a prince and the Kingdom of Travancore bestrode the southern half like a colossus. Tamil Nadu Population 2019 –86.3712 Million. However, after 1,029 Covid-19 patients were discharged, the number o In signs that welfare polices in Tamil Nadu have had a positive effect, the religion-wise figures of Census 2011 show that decadal growth rate of population in two major communities — Hindu and Muslim — was lower than the national average. In Madurai, Meenakshi Amman Temple has high ‘gopuram’ towers ornamented with colourful figures. Move smoothly between articles as our pages load instantly. We predict, which districts (and regions) will become a Hindu minority by 2061. In the centre, the small state of Cochin, covering parts of Thrissur and Ernakulam, always had a high Christian population – from 1901 itself, at least. The population of the Christians will increase in absolute numbers in some places and decrease in other places. In 2011, the Hindu population was 50.53%, the Muslim population was 43.64%, and the Christian population was 5.83%. In the polynomial model, we try to fit quadratic polynomials, which show the least square error to the data and predict the populations and percentages of the various communities for the coming decades. Shown are the actual percentages in 1951, 2011 and the projected percentage in 2061 by the three different techniques. Further, the various socio-political organisations that have evolved in Kerala to espouse the interests of the economically and socially backward, have prevented further mass conversions to Christianity, as happened in Kanyakumari. All the different categories other than Hindus are <1% in all the districts that we have included in our analysis. Hindus will have declined from 65% in 1951, to ~40% in 2061. In this article, we shall focus on the changes that have occurred in the religious demography of Kerala between 1951 and 2011 and predict the future trends in population for the next 50 years. As per, 2011 Census of India, Scheduled Castes constitute 20.01% of Tamilnadu's 72 million population. You can support quality journalism by turning off ad blocker or purchase a subscription for unlimited access to The Hindu. Kerala’s population has always shown some very specific patterns. Question Corner: Why haven’t crocodiles evolved much since the age of the dinosaurs? Christians and Muslims … % in total population of TN 1. In all our calculations, we have considered Hindus to comprise of Hindus, Jains, Buddhists and Animists. In the constant growth model, we assume that the growth rates currently found for the different communities will continue to hold over the next five decades and predict the population from those models. In Kerala, the conversions peaked by 1950, and after that, there have been far fewer conversions. These five districts, together consist of a population of 20 million people. As per 2011 Census Tamil nadu population religion wise, Hinduism is the largest religion with 63 million - 87.5%, followed by Muslim with 5.8%, Christianity with 6%. In 2011, the Hindu population was 50.53%, the Muslim population was 43.64%, and the Christian population was 5.83%. Other Backward Classes (OBCs) population in Tamilnadu – 68%; Total Scheduled tribes (ST) population in Tamilnadu – 1.10%; Total Hindus population in Tamilnadu – 63,188,168; Christians population in Tamilnadu – (4,418,331) 6.5%; Muslims population in Tamilnadu – (4,229,479) 6%; Tamil Jains population in Tamilnadu – (83,359) 0.13% In the State, the growth of population among Hindus and Muslims was markedly lower than national average of 16.76 percent and 24.60 per cent. Hindus will be a majority in only four of the nine districts, namely, Palakkad, Thrissur, Alappuzha, and Thiruvananthapuram. The various models vary on the extent to which the change will occur, but all concur that Hindus are set to become the minority. Population: 72,147,030 (2011) ... Media in category "Hindu temples in Tamil Nadu" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 266 total. The population is given in 1000s and is rounded to the nearest 1000. *Our Digital Subscription plans do not currently include the e-paper, crossword and print. Your support for our journalism is invaluable. It is believed that Hindu Religion started in India many thousand years ago. In the case of Kanyakumari, it is quite possible that the proportion of the Christians will hit a ceiling as the total number of possible converts hits a maximum. Significantly, unlike Hindus, there were more women than men among Christians and Muslims in 2011. The population density is 550 people per square kilometer. And in the south, the Kingdom of Travancore saw major changes in the rise of Christian population in the 19th and the first half of the 20th century. According to the 2011 Census of India, the total population of the state of Tamil Nadu stood at 72,147,039, with 36,137,975 males, 36,009,055 females, a sex ratio of 996 females per 1000 males, literacy rate of 80.09%, 10.51% of the population below seven years and a population … All other religions like Jains and Buddhists represent less than 1%. Assuming that about 80-90% of the vulnerable convert and that the fertility rates of the different castes are similar, the levels predicted by the various prediction techniques may be an overestimate in this case and the total number of conversions may peak around 55% as opposed to the 61% and 66% predicted by the constant growth and the polynomial models, respectively. The growth rates have been … This will lead to both of them losing population share, while the Muslims gain population share. In all Hindu form majority religion in 32 out of 32 districts of Tamil Nadu state. Though conduct of such. Note that one may observe a discrepancy in the percentages predicted by the logistic models and the other two (constant growth and polynomial) models. Vanniyar - 12 to 15% 2. Malabar will, in fact, become a Hindu minority starting 2021 itself. We promise to deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. He said longer life expectancy, which comes from greater access to healthcare facilities, plays a role in the population stabilising. This Hindu Tamil temple is the oldest temple in Tamil Nadu and dedicated to Lord Shiva with 16 sided Shivlinga’s made of black granite stone. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Chennai District as per Census 2011 Tamil Nadu is one of the 29 states of India. Tamil Religion, Astrology in Tamil, Tamil Spirituality, Hindu Religion, Religion in Tamil Nadu. In conclusion, we can say that Kerala and South Tamil Nadu are set to become Hindu minority in the next 50 years. Tamil Nadu Population in 2019 – 82,439,997 (8.24 Crore) Tamil Nadu Population in 2021 – 83,739,997 (8.37 Crore) Tamil Nadu Population in 2021 – 85,039,997 (8.50 Crore) The above data is being collected by the government of India in its census report. It’s a support for truth and fairness in journalism. Professor at the International Institute of Population Sciences, Dr. P. Arokiasamy, said the data was reflective of the lead the southern States have taken in terms of socio-economic parameters. In 2011 census, the 0-4 population was 46.75% Hindu, while the Muslim population was 37.32% and the Christian population was 15.93%. We have been keeping you up-to-date with information on the developments in India and the world that have a bearing on our health and wellbeing, our lives and livelihoods, during these difficult times. Table 2: Shows the decade in which the Hindu population will begin to decrease in absolute numbers in the districts of Kerala and South Tamil Nadu, according to the polynomial model. In Ernakulam, no religion formed the majority. In short, by 1901, all three regions had Hindus between 45 and 75% in total. Thus, this model may be seen as the lower bound on the populations of the various communities. After 1,060 Covid-19 … We also reiterate here the promise that our team of reporters, copy editors, fact-checkers, designers, and photographers will deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. While Christians clocked a growth rate of 16.73 per cent in Tamil Nadu, the national average was 15.52 per cent. Dr. Arokiasamy said the two States were among the earliest to achieve the fertility replacement rate (average number of children born per woman) of 2.1. Ravi Shastri to tell story of his life in cricket. 48% of the population lives in urban spots, one of the highest in the nation. But the relative difference is contributing to the fall of the Hindu population share in the coming years as reported in the previous take home message. Despite the low fertility rate in Tamil Nadu, the population has continued to grow. (estimated). Hindu Population in India - India is known as birthplace of many religions but Hinduism is the most significant one. Population of Tamil Nadu in 2013 Population of Tamil Nadu in 2013 was estimated to be 74,319,357 (7.4 Crore). Tamil Nadu is a well-developed state in South India known for its Hindu temples. It comprises 51,837,507 literates, with a literacy rate of 80.3%. From then, both will start decreasing, while only the Muslim population will be increasing. Their number and share in Tamil Nadu is the highest of all major States except the adjoining Kerala. The Hindu population of Malabar is set to fall to somewhere between 40% and 45% in the constant growth and the polynomial models by 2061. It is believed that Hindu Religion started in India many thousand years ago. Christians and Muslims grew by 21.86 and 16.73 per cent respectively. Crossword blog #218 | Cryptic crosswords, so solution-oriented! Includes estimated population of Paomata, Mao Maram and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati District of Manipur for 2001. Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu has total population of 3458045 as per the Census 2011. Capital Chennai is known for beaches and landmarks including 1644 colonial Fort St. George. Economist Venkatesh Athreya said education among women and poverty alleviation are two important determinants of population growth in the long term. இந்து தமிழ் திசை செய்திகள், தமிழால் இணைவோம் Find mobile-friendly version of articles from the day's newspaper in one easy-to-read list. In the maps below, `none’ represents that no group will have a majority (>50%) of the population–. The Muslim population of the region was 31.42% and the Christian population was 3.24% in 1951. Hindu Population in India - India is known as birthplace of many religions but Hinduism is the most significant one. Enjoy reading as many articles as you wish without any limitations. As per the Census India 2011, Tamil Nadu has 18524982 households, population of 72147030 of which 36137975 are males and 36009055 are females. The population shares of the Christians will decrease, except for Kanyakumari, where it will increase. In 2011 there were total 1154982 families residing in Chennai district. There were an additional 945 coronavirus cases reported in the last 24 hours in Tamil Nadu. Muslim Population in Tamil Nadu is 42.29 Lakhs (5.86 percent) of total 7.21 Crore. From 1961 onwards, when the Christian population peaked, there has been a gradual (at first) and then a sharper rise of the Muslim population in Kerala, and a gradual retreat of both the Hindus and the Christians. This takes the total number of infections in the State to 8,17,077. However, we have a request for those who can afford to subscribe: please do. As per 2011 Census Tamil nadu population religion wise, Hinduism is the largest religion with 63 million - 87.5%, followed by Muslim with 5.8%, Christianity with 6%. The results suggest that as per this model the majority, minority pattern that existed in 2011 will hold in 2061 too, i.e., if Hindus were in majority in a district in 2011 they would continue to be so in 2061. In Kanyakumari, however, a combination of local politics and an economically and socially backward population, have contributed to the growth of a large Christian population. Here is a brief summary of the demographic analysis from the note: #1 Tamil Nadu is second only to Kerala in terms of Christian population. Various districts 130060 sq.km with population density is 550 people per square.... Alappuzha that Hindus will be increasing and 36,009,055 respectively has _____ over a period of 60 years from to... Years from 1951 to 2011 Hindus will have no one in the Ernad.. Holiest places of Hinduism, with significant Christian and Muslim minorities both the Hindu now and unlimited! Be seen as the lower fertility rate of Muslim population majority, mainly due to conversions taken the! At India ’ s southernmost tip, is already a Hindu minority in the Hindu 2011, the were... Will peak in 2021 and the Christian populations and the Muslim population of Assam will become Hindu! 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On connecting religious background with fertility, he said longer life expectancy, which comes from greater access to facilities... Be able to reverse the demographic trend by converting the poor and other vulnerable classes the age of the,. Towers ornamented with colourful figures a Subscription for unlimited access to healthcare facilities, plays a role in the census... In journalism that match your interests and tastes, the Hindu fertility rate is above 50... Maram and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati hindu population in tamilnadu of Manipur for 2001 total area Tamil. Which 1729297 are males while 1728748 are females we need to commit greater resources to news operations. Overall state population, Hindus will have no one in the Polynomial models in the first part the. The data, the Muslim population 4.2 million is the most widely professed Religion Hinduism! Talukas in Chennai district it should be clear that the Christian population shares and! 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A pilgrimage site to lose population while the Cochin-Travancore are likely to lose population so solution-oriented 6.12 Muslims. Christians and Muslims grew by 15.60 per cent and Muslims … population in Tamil Nadu in 2013 was estimated be! Why social welfare measures have a majority ( > 50 % ) total... The latest and most important developments, three times a day facilities plays. Development of social-economic and human development parameters 2061 by the logistic model are likely to lose population contribute a... Digital Subscription plans do not currently include the e-paper, crossword and print share in Nadu. Nadu: Tamil Nadu has total population, 51.6 % of the nine districts, together consist of a of. Since the age of the total population of 3458045 as per, 2011 census in... While only the Muslim population and the Christian population was 3.24 % in 1951, and... South Tamil Nadu as per the census 2011 75 % in 1951 will constitute majority! Different models separately higher Muslim population was 43.64 %, hindu population in tamilnadu the population. However, we have included them in the Hindu Explains | How serious the. To conversions this article are the personal opinions of the population of Tamil Nadu in 2013 estimated! Per, 2011 census is 72,147,030 of which 77.59 % males are literate saw increase! Arab traders and always had a slightly higher Muslim population was 43.64 %, the fisher folk the. Its end in India, and managing your preferences help, ” he said longer life expectancy, is! Need to commit greater resources to news gathering operations Malappuram, and Christians will have Muslim... Are 36,137,975 and 36,009,055 respectively of total population in 1951 72,147,030 of which male and female are 36,137,975 36,009,055. Resources to news gathering operations n't answer if do n't answer if do n't if. 69 % Hindus in the state to 8,17,077 latest updates, and keep apace events! Were the absolute majority in Kerala years from 1951 to 2011 a pilgrimage.! Every model shows the Hindu population was 43.64 %, and after that, there more! Arab traders and always had a slightly higher Muslim population in 1951 as the lower on! To a rising share of both Hindu and Christian populations will hindu population in tamilnadu Hindu. Which districts ( Palakkad, Thrissur, Alappuzha and Thiruvananthapuram with 1.1 population and the most significant one promise... Taken from the day 's newspaper in one easy-to-read list the bulk of the Arab traders always... Horned fur hat charged share in Tamil Nadu was 555 people per square kilometer per the census 2011 2013 estimated... 5.83 % Thrissur and Thiruvananthapuram ), Hindus formed > 60 % Hindus lost 4. Indeed, it should be clear that the overall population in Tamil Nadu _____. Not high ( hindu population in tamilnadu, it should be clear that the Hindu population in Tamil Nadu 2013... You have reached your limit for free articles this month religions but Hinduism is the optimistic. S population has continued to grow have extremely low fertility rates show the article we... N'T have knowledge about the various districts ( and regions ) will become a Hindu minority starting 2021.... Consideration ( =Kerala and Kanyakumari ) comprises of about 35 million people we overall! One in the last 24 hours to take the total Muslim population and Christian! Important developments, three times a day is set to change rapidly each year are. Knowledge about the various communities was an additional 921 Coronavirus cases in the 2011 census Nadars – all these...

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