an analysis of the transformational leadership theory

This is due to its influential nature that seeks to have both the leader and the follower develop each other and together they work towards attaining a vision and in turn a new organization. In this case, they have come up with transformational leadership which is a blend of various leadership theories (Northouse, 2016). Some of the basic characteristics of transformational leadership Path-goal theory of leadership: Lessons, legacy, and a reformulated theory. Avolio (1999) proposed several alternate conceptual models of the factor structure underlying the MLQ-5X. Leadership is viewed as a key determinant of organizational effectiveness; however, the leader behaviors that ultimately influence organizational performance are seldom described in detail. Despite a set of theory base in transformational leadership, concerns have been raised about the way in which the dimensions of the model have been defined (Avolio & Yammarino, 2002; Hunt & Conger, 1999; Shamir et al., 1993). Management James MacGregor Burns (1978) was the first author to contrast transforming and transactional leadership. In that case, tasks that need cooperation among different unit will suffer. And the characteristics of transformational leaders are indentified as courageous, trustworthy, value-driven, visionary, continuous learning, and able to deal with complexity. He proposed that the transforming leaders motivate the followers to make them be able to achieve significant goals in the work, which finally lead to values promotion in both parties. However, some other researchers have noted that. The third one is the Transformational leadership theory, according to which any ordinary person can learn the main leadership skills and become a leader. In this regard, not only top-level managers need to show their capabilities, but all managers at all levels of the organization also feel the need to cooperate with others to achieve the desired results. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! According to the research centre for leadership studies of University of Exeter (Bolden, R. et. The Bass transformational leadership theory was formulated by Bernard M. Bass in 1985. By using MLQ, the data can provide mixed support for the differentiation of the components of the transformational model, which is the most controversy issue that has not achieved the general agreement. 1995), transformational leaders motivate their followers by inspiring them, offering challenges, and encouraging individual development. The first part will conduct a general description of the theory, followed by the review over the theory development in Part two. While every type of transformational leadership behavior includes a lot of components, it makes the definition more ambiguous. *You can also browse our support articles here >, heighten the value of the leaders intended outcomes for the follower, motivate others to higher levels of personal achievement. Transformational leadership refers to leaders who seek to create ideas and new perspectives to create a new path of growth and prosperity in front of the organization. All work is written to order. The followers of such leaders demonstrate high levels of job satisfaction and organizational … Later, researcher Bernard M. Bass expanded upon Burns's original ideas to develop what is today referred to as Bass’s Transformational Leadership Theory. 2) Consider the moral consequences of decisions, 2) look at problems from different angles, 3) Suggest new ways to complete assignments, 2) Consider individuals different needs and abilities, 2) Act in ways that get respect from others, 4) Confident that obstacles will be overcome. For example, transformational leadership theory, putting more emphasis on the role of leadership to motivate employees, is biased at the expense of most of employees (Stephens et al., 1995). Transformational leadership includes individualized consideration, intellectual stimulation, charisma, and inspirational motivation. Transformational leadership is a style of leadership where the leader, along with his/her team, is able to identify the challenges ahead, resources available and build a long term vision for the team and is constantly engaging and involving the employees to perform to the best of their abilities and grow professionally and … Leadership is the process of influencing other people to behave in preferred ways to accomplish organizational objectives (David H. Holt and Karren W. Wigginton). Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. With these perspectives, a leader must possess necessary traits or character to influence others to run the organization or … Part three and Part Four will be the conceptual and Empirical support for the transformational Leadership theory. One strength of transformational leadership theory is that it proposes that leaders are great at creating an overall vision for a company’s future. It gives workers autonomy over specific jobs, as well as the authority to make decisions once they have been trained. These characteristics can bring new changes to the organization’s culture. Bass model of transformational leadership has been accepted by scholars and practitioners that organizations can encourage employees to perform beyond expectations. They described the nature of transformational as a behavioral process capable of being learned. Under the theory of Burns, Bass developed more. This is particularly harmful when inter-unit cooperation is necessary to achieve organizational objectives, and further result a decline in organizational effectiveness. It believes in inspiring employees to do great work through example and the force of a leader’s personality. Transformational leader is inspiring and creative and leads people in a way that they try more than their abilities in the organization and also invent and innovate in their work area. It is different from the theory of Burns which indicate a two-way process that leaders and followers perform beyond expectations. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. By establishing strong influence in the subunit, the leaders can achieve organizational goals more effectively, at the same time, arise competition among different subunits under different leaders. Transformational leaders make their employees realize the value of what they do. Scholars and theorists believe that transformational leadership management is more effective than pragmatic leadership. 3) Increase subordinates awareness of working in the spirit of making good for organization rather than focus on personal benefit. As a result, we re-examine the theoretical model developed by Bass (1985) to identify five subdimensions of transformational leadership that will demonstrate discriminant validity with each other and with outcomes. In the 1970s, leadership theories approaching effectiveness was dominant, for example, path-goal theory (House & Mitchell, 1974). The results of the study reconfirm Identification with Manager, Trust & Loyalty and Employee Satisfaction as consequences of Authentic as well as Transformational leadership. Transformational leadership has proven effective by far compared to other leadership styles. Reference this. Keywords: Transformational leadership; idealized influence; intellectual stimulation; inspirational motivation; personal considerations. He defined transformational leadership as a process where "leaders and their followers raise one another to higher levels of morality and motivation." Bernard M. Bass later developed the concept of transformational … According to the theory, leaders can influence their subordinated by expanding their understandings of the importance of tasks, making them realize to keep organizational and … However, much of the leadership research has concentrated on characteristics and specific effects of charismatic and transformational leadership (Bass 1985; Kanungo1990; Sashkin 1988; Tichy and Devanna 1990). (Dumdum, Lowe, & Avolio, 2002; Judge & Piccolo, 2004; Lowe, Kroeck, & Sivasubramaniam, 1996) while conflicting evidence has been reported concerning the factor structure of the model, and very strong relationships have been reported among the leadership factors (Avolio et al., 1999). From a wide range of settings, the positive effects of transformational leadership on several organizational outcomes have been proved. The meta-analysis indicated transformational leadership is associated with higher levels of perceived leader effectiveness, follower satisfaction with the leader and a greater willingness to put forth extra effort. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. 2004, p.16) Transformational leadership inspires people to achieve unexpected or remarkable results. Transformational leadership can be separated into 4 sections namely being idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individualized consideration (Bass, 1985). The Transformational Leadership theory states that this process is by which a person interacts with others and is able to create a solid relationship that results in a high percentage of trust, that will later result in an increase of motivation, both intrinsic and extrinsic, in both leaders and followers. Transformational leadership is a theory of leadership where a leader works with teams to identify needed change, creating a vision to guide the change through inspiration, and executing the change in tandem with committed members of a group; it is an integral part of the Full Range Leadership Model.Transformational leadership … Transactional leadership includes contingent reward behavior and management by exceptions. Transformational Leadership is a style first described by American historian and political scientist James MacGregor Burns in his 1978 book Leadership and expanded on during the 1980s by fellow scholar Bernard M. Bass. Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) is the most used measure of transformational leadership research developed by Bass. Western companies, like AT&T, IBM, GM, ventured into transformations and in the 1970’s and 1980′s the business world became very much dynamic, more competitive and less stable. Below is the illustration of transformational leadership theory that explains that if leaders have these characteristics or behaviour and able to convince the people in the organization, success would be possible. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Based on contemporary leadership theory, a range of Hypotheses regarding consequences of modern leadership models is empirically tested. tional leadership is practiced and preferred to a greater extent than transactional leadership. 7 Despite the large body of literature detailing transformational leadership theory, its efficacy, and differences in leadership style that arise on account of gender, little research has been conducted with regards to factors that contribute to the development of either transformational or transactional leadership styles. The essence of transformational theories is that leaders transform their followers through their inspirational nature and charis… Other authors, such as Podsakoff, MacKenzie, Moorman, and Fetter (1990), have developed their own measures of transformational and transactional leadership. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. instance, in their substitutes for leadership theory Kerr & Jermier (1978) propose several subordinate, task, and, organization characteristics that could reduce the importance of leadership. Leadership is the process of influencing other people to behave in preferred ways to accomplish organizational objectives (David H. Holt and Karren W. Wigginton). This theory believes that people rise higher through positive, than … Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Since the late 1980s, new style of leadership theory emerged, as charismatic leadership (Conger &Kanungo, 1998; Hunt, Boal, & Dodge, 1999), visionary leadership (Sashkin, 1988), and also transformational leadership (Avolio, Bass, & Jung, 1999). This paper will have a thorough analysis on the Transformational Leadership theory. He put Burns concept into one way process as transformational leadership where the leader transforms followers. Transformational Leadership. The above issues concerning the weaknesses of Transformational leadership research meant that empirical research can provide evidence if necessary. The version of transformational leadership theory that has generated the most interest was contributed by Bass and his colleagues (Bass, 1985, 1996). Moreover, stated by Yukl (1999), the theory provides insufficient identification of negative effects. theory of transformational leadership has large universal validity as suggested by some advocates (e.g. Since the early sass, there has been an explosion of interest on transformational leadership among scholars and managers. The identification of types of transformational leadership behaviors seems to be based mostly on a factor analysis; therefore the theoretical base for differentiating among the behaviors is not explained. Looking for a flexible role? By developing commitment, passion and loyalty among managers and staff, they mobilize organization’s members to make fundamental changes in … AJOL is a Non Profit Organisation that cannot function without donations. These include integrity, assertiveness, empathy, honesty, openness, likeability and decision making skills (Colbert et al., 2012). AJOL is a non-profit, relying on your support. Transformational Leadership theory states that highly effective leaders achieve set goals with the aid of their followers which are empowered by certain men and women with specific traits (Bass, 1990). Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Bass and Avolio, 1994) or whether it is characterized by boundary conditions – in this case national culture. Transformational leaders make their employees realize the value of what they do.Keywords: Transformational leadership; idealized influence; intellectual stimulation; inspirational motivation; personal consideration According to Bass (Bass 1985, 1996; Avolio et al. 2) Increase subordinates awareness of needs for personal development, and goal-fulfillment. AJOL and the millions of African and international researchers who rely on our free services are deeply grateful for your contribution. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Your donation is guaranteed to directly contribute to Africans sharing their research output with a global readership. Particular emphasis is placed on those arguments which question the entire theoretical basis of TL on the grounds that it has been … The research has focused on the analysis of other leadership styles and making comparisons so as to come up with a more impactful leadership theory. Fast … We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. To make the theory more operational, Bass and Avolio (1994) proposed five dimensions of transformational leadership, idealized behaviors, idealized motivation, intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration and idealized attitude. 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